GIA diamonds Certificate: What you need to know
GIA is an educational research institute that acts as an independent and fair entity for assessing and delivering extensive gem-quality information.
They don’t buy or sell diamonds, and they don’t take part in mining them. They also don’t set the prices for diamonds. However, they set standards to determine the quality of diamonds.
Difference Between a Diamond Certificate and an Appraisal or Valuation Certificate.
An appraisal valuation certificate heavily depends on the approximated value of the diamond. The worth of the diamond is influenced by the demand and supply year after year.
Since this appraisal regularity varies, it is essential to have your diamond reappraised every two years.
On the other hand, the diamond certificate assures you of the standard and worth of your diamond and can serve as a proof of identity for your diamond piece.
How the GIA Grades Diamonds
- Carat Weight and Proportions
This is the initial step in the diamond’s certification processes where the GIA weighs and measures the gemstones.
The GIA uses an electronic micro-balance machine to get the diamond’s carat weight. They also determine the actual measurement, proportions, and facet angles of the gemstone.
These measurement devices are advanced and more accurate than the instruments we come across in a typical jeweler store or appraiser’s office.
Then, the GIA conducts a detailed review to determine if the diamond or gemstone is synthetic or a stimulant. The review also reveals if the diamond has a natural or lab-induced color.
In some rare cases, the diamonds may be subjected to further testing to determine the chemical composition or color origin.
- Clarity and Finish
The GIA also grades diamonds by the clarity and finish graded under magnification through quality viewing conditions with inputs from multiple graders.
The first-grader observes the diamond to detect any clarity or finish traits and treatment proof like fracture filling or laser drilling.
This grader may go the extra mile to verify that all the weight and measurements from the first grading steps are correct.
The second-grader then takes the diamond through the same process of identifying each diamond’s clarity characteristics, accessing the polish, culet, symmetry, and girdle, and thoroughly checks the diamond for the presence of treatments.
After the two graders have reviewed the diamond, a gemologist will review their opinions and give their insight.
If there is synergy between the findings of the first and second graders and the gemologist, the GIA will compile and finalize this step of the grading process.
- Color and Florescence
There is already a master stone set aside for determining the color grade. The GIA grades compare the color of the diamond in question to that of the master stone.
This set consists of rows laid from D – Z, representing the standards for each color grade. Each stone represents the least amount of color in its range.
The grader can tell which category the diamond falls into in the color grade spectrum. The grader performs a further study of the diamond under some lights to check for signs and degree of fluorescence.
As with most grading steps in the GIA grading process, this step also requires the assessment of multiple graders to ascertain the grading quality.
Each of the graders works and submit their inputs individually. The GIA only reaches a conclusion when there is a significant degree of synergy among the graders.
GIA graders grade the color and fluorescence of diamonds in a neutral grey or white-colored environment to prevent the background and lights from affecting the diamond’s natural color.
After completing the clarity and color grading, it’s time to grade the cut. The cut grading evaluates the diamond’s brightness and scintillation and integrates them in the cut grade.
Also, the diamond’s measurements, proportions, facet angles, symmetry, and polish all make a pact on the final cut grade of the diamond.
Before the GIA certifies a diamond, it must have undergone due scrutiny in a GIA lab.
The GIA labs are reputed to be one of the best and trustworthy gemstone research centers with efficient laboratory staff well versed in diamond and gemstone knowledge.
With this staff quality, diamonds still go through numerous tests and study to determine their quality.
Their objective grading process has made the GIA gain the trust of many people in the jewelry sector. Jewelry stores can zxmake more money by simply selling GIA-certified diamonds.
The GIA as an organization understands the uniqueness and specialty of each diamond, even if they are cut from the same stone.
This is why diamonds are individually accessed in the lab to determine their properties.
Sometimes, impurities concentrate in a particular section of a stone than the others. This can make diamonds cut from the same stone possess different properties.
So when you acquire a GIA-certified diamond, you know it has undergone thorough screening for treatments, artificial inclusions, or the presence of natural impurities.
- Genuineness and security
It is virtually impossible to forge a GIA-certified diamond. The GIA adopts many security measures during the grading and certification processes that make their diamond certificates less prone to forgery.
Also, the GIA issues a specific ID number for your jewelry to help maintain its authenticity. If someone forges a GIA certificate for their gemstone, they can’t get an ID number, can they?
Purchasing a GIA-certified diamonds will let you access more specific details about the 4C’s (carat, cut, clarity, and color) of your jewelry. These are the primary qualities of a diamond that you should know as a buyer.
In addition, you also get extra details like the flaws or defects that are present in the diamond.
Notable information about the diamond, including its flaws, will appear on the certificate, ruling out the possibility of the seller hiding crucial information about the diamond.
As a diamond buyer, you should have a greater than average knowledge of the meaning of a GIA certificate for diamonds.
The GIA certificate doesn’t only outline details about the diamond’s cut and quality. It also outlines the flaws preventing you from buying into a poorly manufactured diamond.